What is water? Water is our life, not only for human being but also for the whole ecosystem. Water has become a highly necessary part of human being’s ever existence on Earth. Thus, the importance of water can be compared to the importance of air and it would be 2nd necessary thing after air. All living organisms whether it is human, animals, or plants, everyone is depending on fresh and potable water.
The source of the water (water resources) is in the form of sea, lakes, rivers, ponds, wells, ground water etc. The Three-fourth of Earth’s surface is covered by water bodies. The amount of this water is present in oceans as salt water is 90% and is unfit for human consumption. Only Fresh water accounts for only about 2.7 per cent. Almost 70 per cent of this occurs as ice sheets and glaciers in Antarctica and other inaccessible places. So only one per cent of fresh water is available and fit for human use. That’s why it is very important to conserve this precious resource. Save water Save Life.
Different uses of the Water
There are countless use of water in earth. Besides from drinking, there are other benefits of water as well. Thus, it includes cooking, washing, cleaning, etc. Also, it important for the survival of animal,trees and plants.
Water for household uses
Water is used for many household activities like washing, cooking, cleaning, bathing, drinking, toilet, showering, laundry, etc. Most of the water is used for the household uses day to day use.
Water for industries
In many industries like the meta & steel industry, chemicals, fertilizers, electricity, textiles, petrochemicals and paper, food, Mining etc. water is used in huge quantities for cooling purpose, generation of power, cleaning purposes, fire protection and last but not in list air cooling.
Water for fish, wildlife and recreation
Water is life for fish, wildlife, animal and other recreation facilities. The activities like surfing, swimming, boating, fishing are important outdoor recreational activities that are impossible without water.
Water for power
The large volume of water for the purpose of cooling and disposal of fly ash is required for the Thermal power generation. In the generation of thermal power the water is used.
Water in Agriculture
It’s the important role of the water in agriculture part. Incrop season requires irrigation which is used for agriculture to the proper growth of plants. If there are proper sources of water availabe for farming then farmers are also happy which makes the crops or farms wealthy.
Water used for balancing the ecosystem
Water is not only for human beings is but also important for the entire ecosystem in different ways. Because of the presence of the water in the atmosphere which help to absorb the rays or heat of sun.
Need to Save Water
Currently, many regions in the world that are facing the extreme scarcity of water. But we are contaminating the existing water resources with sewage, toxic chemicals and other wastes yet. Increasing population and rapid urbanization has led to over-use of water resources which lead to water pollution and scarcity. Even India is one of the many countries that are facing water scarcity today. A recent study has revealed that about 25 per cent of urban population having lacks the accessibility to fresh water. Some process needs to follow to save water save life—
> It is a all of our responsibility to save the water and reduce the consumption of the water except the drinking and cooking purposes. We can able to reduce the consumption of water by proper using of water for the toilet, showering, etc.
> We can save water per day by saving water from the watering garden, flushing toilet, cleaning purposes, etc.
> For the of purposes like toilet flushing, laundry, watering garden, showering, etc. we should use rainwater.
> Sometime Avoid taking a shower for bathing, use the water in the bucket by us in this way we can save 150 to 200 liters of water every day.
> The Rainwater harvesting is one of the best options to save water.
> We can save water per month if we use the washing machine to wash clothes when clothes have to machines capacity.
> Turn off all the taps after the using water and close it tightly it saves more water.
> In the festival of Holi use only the dry colors instead of using water and promote playing Holi by using less water.
> Take a initiative to Promote Water conservation programs to spread awareness among the people.
> Do not waste water by sprinkling on house or streets; it’s just the wastage of water.
> Try to avoid watering plants in the afternoon time especially 11 am to 3 Pm as the sun rays evaporated so instead of watering plants in the noon water plants early in the mornings or evenings.
>Start water treatment plant or sewage treatment plant to recycle wastage water.
By the use of these simple steps we can conserve or preserve water and ensure the availability of water to future generations. So don’t take it lightly; start saving each and every drop of water. So live in this motto “Save water save life and save the earth”.